Types of Cases Heard in Civil Court


Civil courts deal with family related cases and these include child support cases, divorces, issues concerning wills and estates left by deceased persons, adoption, and guardianships as well as the emancipation of minors from their parents. For example, if you are getting a divorce, you would go to civil court to decide on who will get custody of the children and how assets are distributed as well as responsibility for debts accumulated in the marriage. Civil courts also handle small claims cases where the plaintiff sues for money that is less than $5000.

Damages That Can Be Recovered in Civil Court Cases

Since personal injury is often heard in civil court, the plaintiff can seek compensation for the injuries he suffered and he may receive compensation for medical bills, lost wages, emotional distress and possibly property loss depending on the injury. There are also punitive damages and this is when the defendant is ordered to pay the plaintiff a certain amount of money in damages.

Defamation of Character

Defamation of character is also heard in civil court and in order to win this case you need to prove that a certain statement made about you was in fact a defamation of character. Another thing you should do is look into state laws concerning what constitutes defamation of character before you file the lawsuit. Then you would proceed with the lawsuit.


Civil courts also handle bankruptcy cases and bankruptcy lawyers are usually hired to handle these cases. If your debt has gotten so bad that you cannot pay them, you would file for bankruptcy in bankruptcy court and there are various types of bankruptcy that exist. If you want to know which type works best for you, contact a lawyer.

Employment Cases

Another type of case handled in civil court is the case that deals with labor issues. For example, if an employee feels that he has been cheated out of his wages he can file a civil suit against his employer and if the employee wins he would receive payment from the employer as ordered by the court.

Copyright Issues

We live in a creative society and there are cases where musicians, writers, artists and composers feel that their work was copied by others. This is called a copyright infringement and you can file this lawsuit against the offender in civil court. You want to be prepared with as much proof as possible that the other person copied your work.

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