An allergy is a chronic disorder of the immune system. This is an abnormal reaction by the immune system to a substance that is normally harmless. This substance is called an allergen. According to the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology, millions of Americans have an allergy to their pets. Most Pet Allergies in Louisville KY can be controlled with proper knowledge and treatment.

The immune system functions to find foreign substances in the body and get rid of them. People with Pet Allergies in Louisville Ky have hypersensitive immune systems that get an irregular reaction when coming into contact with a pet’s protein. These harmless proteins can be in the dander, saliva, or urine. An initial encounters with a pet’s protein causes a the person’s body to produce large amounts of pet protein IgE antibody. Immunoglobulin E is an antibody that plays a major role in allergic reactions. The IgE molecules bind themselves to mast cells. When there is a subsequent interaction with an allergen, these same mast cells release histamine into the environment. This histamine is the chemical that causes pet allergy symptoms.

Some typical pet allergy symptoms include running nose, watery eyes, itchiness, sneezing, and sniffling. To be properly diagnosed for this medical condition, a person will need to visit an Accredited Asthma, Allergy and Food Intolerance Center. A doctor will consult with a patient and perform an examination. Sometimes skin and blood tests will be administered. This involves pricking the skin and introducing a very small amount of the potential allergen to a person’s skin. An adioallergosorbent test (RAST) is a blood test that determines a person’s allergens.

After a diagnosis is made, the doctor will decide upon an appropriate Pet Allergies treatment at Accredited Asthma Allergy and Food Intolerance Center of Louisville KY. This care plan usually involves avoiding the pet and/or the pet’s dander. Many allergists recommend allergy shots, nasal lavages, antihistamines, and corticosteriods. Other therapy entails using an air purifier and HEPA filters.

Since most people are attached to their pets, it’s not practical to expect them to give their pets away. Instead, by working closely with a doctor, an individual can lessen his reaction to pet allergies using approved treatments and pharmaceuticals.