Most people have heard of community colleges. A lesser-used term these days, is “Junior College,” like the Junior College in Fayetteville GA. You may wonder if the two terms mean the same thing or if they are different.
It may interest you to know some of the history about junior colleges like the Junior College Fayetteville GA, in contrast to that of community colleges. Junior colleges are two-year colleges that were usually founded before the onset of World War II, and were designed to be preparatory schools for entrance into larger universities. The curriculum focus was on liberal arts and sciences.
Community Colleges began appearing after World War II, as urban areas around cities began to be built up. Although community colleges had liberal arts and science courses, they had more of a focus on vocational training than the traditional junior colleges had. Most community colleges taught lower division college courses, and were essentially two-year institutions like their junior college counterparts. Community colleges were established to serve the middle class population of the urban area in which they were built.
One difference between a junior college and a community college is that Junior colleges are residential campuses, whereas community colleges are commuter campuses. That is, junior colleges are often in rural areas rather than urban locations, and the campuses of junior colleges have residential dormitories. Many if not most of the students attending junior colleges are from out of the area, and live on campus or in nearby housing developments for the specific purpose of attending that institution. School is the dominating activity for students at junior colleges. Jobs and recreation are worked around the class and homework schedule, rather than working school in around a job schedule.
On the other hand, the concept of community colleges is to provide education more conveniently to urban residents, without the need to move to a rural town. Students can keep their current residence, and their current jobs, and work school in around their already-existing schedule.
Over time, the differences between junior colleges, like the Junior College Fayetteville GA, and community colleges have been largely diminished. Most junior colleges have now either been terminated or have become 4-year baccalaureate colleges and institutions. There are only a small number of genuine junior colleges still extant in the United States. Likewise, many community colleges have become 4-year colleges or universities.
Today, there is also much less of a difference in how the two types of institutions are used by students. Rural students use junior colleges the same way that urban students use community colleges, and less urban students relocate to attend junior colleges since they can often get the same courses more conveniently where they already live. There is also now less of a difference in the type of curriculum offered by the two types of institutions than there has historically been.